Source: WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY submitted to
PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION IN AGRICULTURAL AND EXTENSION EDUCATION
Sponsoring Institution
National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Project Status
TERMINATED
Funding Source
Reporting Frequency
Annual
Accession No.
0205409
Grant No.
(N/A)
Project No.
WVA00461
Proposal No.
(N/A)
Multistate No.
(N/A)
Program Code
(N/A)
Project Start Date
Oct 1, 2005
Project End Date
Sep 30, 2011
Grant Year
(N/A)
Project Director
Boone, D. A.
Recipient Organization
WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY
PO BOX 6108
MORGANTOWN,WV 26506
Performing Department
RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Non Technical Summary
Changing economic and social realities require new approaches and delivery methods to meet the needs of an ever changing audience. This research project will explore potential and existing problems in agricultural and extension education delivery systems and develop and test alternative means and methods of improving program components.
Animal Health Component
(N/A)
Research Effort Categories
Basic
100%
Applied
(N/A)
Developmental
(N/A)
Classification

Knowledge Area (KA)Subject of Investigation (SOI)Field of Science (FOS)Percent
90360993020100%
Goals / Objectives
1. Identify potential and existing problems in agricultural and extension education delivery systems at the county and school levels. These may potentially include FFA activities, Supervised Agricultural Experiences, laboratory and classroom instruction, leader trainings, in-service, mass media and on-line delivery methods. 2. Develop and test alternative means and methods for improving program components; and to improve methodological approaches to measuring effectiveness. Investigation of teaching methodologies, program delivery systems, learner outcomes and evaluation methods. 3. Evaluate effectiveness and impacts of various components of agricultural and extension education programs including, but not limited to FFA, SAE and classroom instruction, 4-H projects and club work, program development and evaluation methods.
Project Methods
1. Additional literature review and internet searches will be conducted. 2. This search will focus on surveying the different methodologies used in assessment of extension programs and agriculture trainings. In addition the search will identify and compare differences in methodologies and assessment instruments used with different educational programs. 3. Data on West Virginians' perceptions, opinions, and attitudes concerning potential and existing problems in agricultural and extension education delivery systems at the county and school levels will be gathered primarily via quantitative or qualitative research methods and from selected populations in West Virginia and the nation (Objective 1). 4. Data from the survey will be analyzed using a variety of appropriate statistical approaches. Different analysis of variance will be conducted as they relate to the demographic variables of gender, socio-economic status, level of education, location (urban versus rural), family composition, and age (Objective 2) 5. Evaluation of agricultural and extension education program components at all levels will provide information which can be used to determine efficiency and effectiveness (Objective 3). These data will expose program strengths and weaknesses and provide a basis for program modification and development. Appropriate statistical analyses will be used to measure significance of differences and to analyze possible relationships in data obtained.

Progress 10/01/05 to 09/30/11

Outputs
OUTPUTS: An experimental study was concluded that compare feeding efficiency and carcass composition traits in barrow pigs fed a 1% CLA isomers supplemented diet versus a 1% soybean oil diet. Research findings from previously reported studies have been presented at research conferences, prepared for submissions to journals and for dissemination to key audiences and stakeholders. Continue to compile and develop resources to share with Pre-K, elementary, middle, high school teachers and the general public to improve agricultural literacy. The most significant outputs have been comparisons to identify patterns in study findings that can be utilized to focus and improve agricultural education and extension program efforts. Extensive efforts have been made to disseminate findings to a number of different conferences, journals and venues as appropriate. Strong collaborative efforts to improve agricultural literacy among teachers, students and general population at large. PARTICIPANTS: Not relevant to this project. TARGET AUDIENCES: Not relevant to this project. PROJECT MODIFICATIONS: Not relevant to this project.

Impacts
The experimental study on feeding efficiency and carcass composition traits in barrow pigs concluded that 1% CLA isomers supplemented diet did not affect weight gain, average daily feed intake, marbeling scores, percentage of lipids in the ham and loin tissues or color. A 1% CLA diet did decrease backfat on barrows compared to the control. The findings suport the findings of other studies. The studies related to farmland preservation that looked at various stakeholders found that although individuals maybe not desire to enroll their own land in a farmland preservation program, they indicated they felt the opportunity should be made availabel to those who wish to preserve their farmland. A significant finding from the study of West Virginia County Commisioners perceptions of Farmland preservation program was that the individuals who are responsible for the implementation of the Farmland preservation programs have minimal to no knowledge of the program and its potetnial impacts on communities. The information has been shared with locl land use planning committees as a basis for their decision making. A meta analysis of the several studies that looked at how county extension agents provide information and how their target audiences desired to recevie information, in all cases it was found that extension is in tune to the means by which their audiences desire to receive information, but need to do a better job of assessing the type sof information desired. Extension audiences indicated their least preferred means of receiving information or beign notified of meetings, is via the Internet. They still prefer newsletters, newspapers and popular agricultural magazines, indicating that Extension personnel need to explore popular agricultural magazines as a means to disseminate information. A study of past particpants in the Agricultural Summer Institute, indicated that an overwhelming majority of the participants are being exposed to new agricultural concepts, with a majority having their first exposure to understanding the impact of agriculture on their lives. Nearly 98% indicated they now incorporate agricultural related concepts into their classrooms on a regular basis, increasing student agricultural literacy across the state. Feedback from a number of publications have shown an increased awareness and utilization of materials and research conducted.

Publications

  • Burnside, J. A. (2011). West Virginia 4-H camp songs and music traditions. (Masters thesis). Retrieved from http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu.
  • Dunn, J. N.. (2011). Issues in the care of farm animals: Current history of the movement in selected states. (Masters thesis). Retrieved from http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu.
  • Boone, H. N., Boone, D. A., Ours, R. L., & Woloshuk J. M. (2011). West Virginia beef cattle producers perceptions on preparedness for an agroterrorism attack. Journal of the NACAA, 4(2).
  • Boone, H. N., Ankrom, S. J., Boone, D. A. & Woloshuk J. M. (2011). Perceptions of ethical practices in youth livestock shows. Journal of the NACAA, 4(2).
  • Hammill, B., Boone, D. A., Boone, H. N., & Minch, M. A. (2011). Impact of laboratory component on student outcomes. Proceedings of the 2011 Innovative and Research Poster Sessions American Association of Agricultural Education Research Conference. Coeur D Alene, ID.
  • Richmond, C. L. & Boone, D. A. (2010), Research in Action: Satisfaction of contract poultry producers in Virginia and West Virginia. West Virginia Ag Ed News and Views, LX(5), 6.
  • Winslow, N. R. (2011). The effect of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on feed efficiency and carcass composition in barrows. Masters thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, W. V., West Virginia University Libraries.
  • Payne, R. L. (2011) Factors influencing 4-H leader volunteer recruitment and retention in Lincoln County. Masters thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, W. V., West Virginia University Libraries.
  • Berkebile, B. L. (2011). Training techniques used to prepare national FFA officer candidates for the national FFA officer selection process. Masters thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, W. V., West Virginia University Libraries.
  • Nix, K., Boone, H. N., Boone, D. A., Fitch, C. E., Holmes, M. H., & Higgins, C. C. (2011). Community leadership motivation: Factors that influence individuals holding leadership roles in West Virginia communities. Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design Visiting Committee Annual Meeting, Morgantown, WV, October 13, 2011.
  • Nix, L. K. (2011). Community leadership motivation: Factors that influence individuals holding leadership roles in West Virginia communities. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu.


Progress 01/01/10 to 12/31/10

Outputs
OUTPUTS: Conducted surveys on information transfer between beef producers and extension agents in West Virginia, satisfaction of contract poultry producers in West Virginia and Virginia, perceptions of West Virginia beef producers on preparedness for an agroterrorism attack. Studies also conducted on motivations, factors and issues concerning students at West Virginia University, emphasis on supervised agricultural experience programs by high school agricultural education teachers and the impact of a laboratory component on student course outcomes. Events have includes presenting findings through regional and national meetings of the American Agricultural Education Association and state and national Extension conferences to share findings and discuss with other faculty implications of the research and related issues. Continue to develop and compile resources to share with elementary and middle school teachers in an effort to improve agricultural literacy among students and teachers state wide. Comparing and identifying study findings that can be combined to help focus and direct agricultural education and Extension program efforts. Provide assistance to Extension personnel in developing surveys, collecting and analyzing data. Worked with Extension personnel to understand and use the Logic model in program development and evaluation, as well as reporting. PARTICIPANTS: Principle investigator, co-Pi, other collaborators include Extension faculty, WV Farm Bureau personnel, and graduate students. Graduate students contribute to research design, survey design, data collection and writing publications and giving presentations. We work closely with Extension faculty to design educational programs and conduct research, providing expertise and in-kind assistance. TARGET AUDIENCES: Target audiences include agricultural education teachers, county and state extension personnel, regional and national agricultural educators, WV K-12 teachers. Graduate students whose research intertwines with projects and individuals and community leaders who may be impacted by research findings, including University faculty and outreach workers. PROJECT MODIFICATIONS: Nothing significant to report during this reporting period.

Impacts
Teachers (K-12) are utilizing materials developed in their classrooms which include a strong emphasis on the STEM components with an agricultural basis. Study results on information transfer has led to a closer look at information transfer methods currently utilized and changes which might be made. Study results have created an awareness of the need for biosecurity training for beef producers. Study on impacts of laboratory component on student outcomes, have led to a longitudinal study to determine impacts or outcomes over time.

Publications

  • Smaldone, D., Boone, D.A., & Selin, S. (2010) Broadening Extensions capacity comparing Extension and environmental educators perceptions of needs and barriers.(accepted)
  • Hammill, B., Boone, D.A., Boone, H.N., & Minch, M.A. (2010). Research in action: Impact of laboratory component on student course outcomes. West Virginia Ag Ed News and Views, LX(5), 7.
  • Hammill, B., Boone, D. A., Boone, H. N., & Minch, M. A. (2010). Impact of laboratory component on student course outcomes. Proceedings of the 2010 Innovative and Research Poster Sessions North Central Region American Association of Agricultural Education Research Conference. Manhattan, KS.
  • Workman, J. A., Boone, H. N., Boone, D. A., & LaVergne, D. D. (2010). Agricultural education teachers competence with SAEs. Proceedings of the 2010 Innovative and Research Poster Sessions North Central Region American Association of Agricultural Education Research Conference. Manhattan, KS.
  • Kelly, J. L., LaVergne, D.D., Boone, H.N., & Boone, D. A. (2010). Selected factors that influence student matriculation at a land-grant university. Proceedings of the 2010 Innovative and Research Poster Sessions North Central Region American Association of Agricultural Education Research Conference. Manhattan, KS. Shirey, J.P., Boone, H.N., Boone, D.A., & Woloshuk, J.M. (2010). Attitudes of 4-H club leaders toward volunteer training in West Virginia. Proceedings of the National Association of Extension 4-H Agents Conference, October 26, 2010. Phoenix, AZ.
  • Shirey, J.P., Boone, H.N., Boone, D.A., & Woloshuk, J.M. (2010). Attitudes of 4-H club leaders toward volunteer training in West Virginia: Research Report. West Virginia Extension Agents 2010 Spring Association Conference, April 22, 2010. Chief Logan Conference Center, Logan, WV.
  • Cullen, T. J. (2010). Evaluation of information transfer between beef producers and extension agents in West Virginia. (Masters thesis). Retrieved from http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu. Hammill, B. (2010). Veterinary anatomy laboratory impact study. (Masters thesis). Retrieved from http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu.
  • Richmond, C. (2010). Satisfaction of contract poultry producers in Virginia and West Virginia. (Masters thesis). Retrieved from http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu.
  • Ours, R. L. (2010). Perceptions of West Virginia beef cattle producers on preparedness for an agroterrorism attack. (Masters thesis). Retrieved from http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu.
  • Kelly, J. L. (2010). Motivations, factors and issues concerning students at West Virginia University. (Masters thesis). Retrieved from http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu.
  • Workman, J. A. (2010). The emphasis on supervised agricultural experience programs by high school agricultural education teachers. (Masters thesis). Retrieved from http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu.


Progress 01/01/09 to 12/31/09

Outputs
OUTPUTS: Conducted surveys on ethical practices in youth livestock, adoption levels of integrated pest management practices among corn producers, perceptions of farmland preservation programs by West Virginia farmers, a national study of state supervisors roles in agricultural education, factors associated with international students motivations to study at West Virginia University, and participation and life skills development in WV youth livestock programs. Current surveys and studies underway include impact of participation in 4-H livestock judging teams on life skill development, beef production information disseminated to farmers by extension professionals, biosecurity practices of beef producers, satisfaction of contract poultry producers in Virginia and West Virginia, and impact of addition of hands on laboratory sections on student outcomes. Events included regional and national meetings of the American Agricultural Education Association to share research findings and discuss with other faculty implications of the research and related issues. Key topics in 2009 have been information transfer, life skills development, integrated pest management, state supervisor roles, practices of independent garden centers, farmland preservation, and farmer satisfaction. Continue to work with Extension personnel in developing surveys and writing research, assist with data collection, analysis and reporting. Provide assistance to agents in understanding and reporting using the Logic model. Continue to develop and compile resources and educational materials to share with elementary and middle school teachers through agriculture in the classroom summer workshops in an effort to improve agricultural literacy among students and teachers statewide. PARTICIPANTS: Principle Investigator, Co-PI's and other collaborators including Extension faculty, State Farm Bureau personnel, and graduate students contribute to research, designing surveys, writing journal articles and papers, and presenting information and findings. We work closely with Extension personnel on several research and educational projects, providing expertise and in-kind support. TARGET AUDIENCES: Target audiences include agricultural education teachers, county and state extension personnel, regional and national agricultural educators, WV K-12 teachers. Graduate students whose research intertwines with projects and individuals and community leaders who may be impacted by research findings, including University faculty and outreach workers. PROJECT MODIFICATIONS: Nothing significant to report during this reporting period.

Impacts
County Farmland Preservation Boards and County Commissioners have requested additional information on farmland preservation based on research outcomes to better educate their local landowners. Teachers (K-12) are utilizing materials developed in their classrooms and including more hands on scientific and math activities with an agricultural basis. Teachers are seeking out and requesting additional materials to utilize in their classrooms. Study results on information transfer have led to additional studies in other subject matter areas. Research outcomes have resulted in recommended changes in information transfer and created an awareness for additional ethics training in youth livestock areas and parent volunteers.

Publications

  • Vommi, H. (2009). Adoption levels of integrated pest management among corn producers in West Virginia. (Masters thesis). Retrieved from http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu.
  • Boone, H. N. & Boone, D. A. (2009). An assessment of problems faced by high school agricultural education teachers. Journal of Agricultural Education, 50(1), 21-32.
  • Nelson, C. B., Boone, D. A., Boone, H.N., & Woloshuk, J.M. (2009). Information transfer between Extension agents and dairy producers. Proceedings of the American Association of Agricultural Educators Research Conference, 244-256.3
  • Boone, D. A. & Boone, H. N. (2009). #6, Agricultural Education Magazine.
  • Boone, H. N. (2009). Meet Harry Boone, Editor, The Agricultural Education Magazine 2010-2012. The Agricultural Education Magazine, 82(2), 24-26. 4
  • Ankrom, S. A., & Boone, H. N. (2009). Research in action: Perceptions of ethical practices in youth livestock. West Virginia Ag Ed News and Views, LIX(4), 6-7.
  • Pfeifer, L. L., & Boone, H. N. (2009). Research in action: Agricultural awareness and perceptions of freshmen at West Virginia University. West Virginia Ag Ed News and Views, LIX(5), 2.
  • Hunt, N.K, & Gartin, S.A. (2009). Research in action: Current practices utilized by independent garden centers to extend the profitable season by returning customers, raising profit margins and implementing new practices, West Virginia Ag Ed News and Views, LIX(2), 7.
  • Friend, D., Plaugher, G., Williams, J., Woloshuk, J. M., & Boone, H. N. (2009). Participation and life skill development of the WV youth livestock programs.
  • Ankrom, S. A. (2009). Perceptions of ethical practices in youth livestock shows. (Masters thesis). Retrieved from http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu.
  • Abimbola, A. (2009). Factors associated with international students motivations to study at West Virginia University. (Masters thesis). Retrieved from http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu.
  • Murray, J. (2009). Perceptions of the farmland preservation program by West Virginia farmers. (Masters thesis). Retrieved from http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu.
  • Ridgeway, B. (2009). State supervisors roles in agricultural education curriculum: A national study. (Masters thesis). Retrieved from http://wvuscholar.wvu.edu.


Progress 01/01/08 to 12/31/08

Outputs
OUTPUTS: Conducted surveys on how dairy nutrition information is disseminated to farmers by extension professionals, the impact of special needs youth in agricultural classrooms and laboratory settings, forestry knowledge of high school agricultural education teachers, practices utilized by independent garden centers for season extension and implementing new practices and agricultural awareness and perceptions held by college freshmen. Research conducted to compare a new U shaped plastic fish tank system to the traditional concrete raceway systems. Currently developing surveys and studies on impact of participation in 4-H youth agriculture statewide judging teams and life skills development, state supervisors roles and state agricultural education curriculum for a national study, impact of integrated pest management programs as well as preparing to replicate statewide the study on ethics in youth agriculture. Events: Attended regional and National meetings of the American Agricultural Education Association to share research findings and discuss with other faculty on the implications of the research for various areas as well as Region 6 meeting of National Association of Agricultural Educators. Key topics in 2008 have been information transfer, 4-H Life skills development as related to 4-H livestock projects, knowledge of agricultural and extension educators with regard to sustainable agriculture and forestry, season extension practices of garden centers, motivational factors and problems of high school agriculture teachers. Continue to consult and work with Extension agents and state staff in developing surveys, assessment instruments, data analysis and program evaluations. Provide consulting on understanding and using the logic model in program development and evaluation. Continue to compile educational materials in cooperation with Extension personnel and other University faculty including development of lesson plans and hands on activities to share with elementary and middle school teachers through an Agricultural Summer Institute to incorporate agricultural related topics into the classroom curriculum to increase agricultural literacy among teachers and students statewide. PARTICIPANTS: Principal Investigator, Co-PI's and other collaborators handle the majority of the project activities, such as designing surveys, developing materials, analyzing data and writing papers, journal articles, informational pieces and giving presentations on research conducted. Graduate students have contributed to the project through research proposal development, instrument development, data collection, and report development. We work collaboratively with WVU Extension on a number of research and educational projects, providing expertise and in-kind support. WVU Extension and WV Farm Bureau has provided collaboration in information dissemination to teachers through the Agricultural Summer Institutes, providing in-service training to K-12 teachers. TARGET AUDIENCES: Target audiences include agricultural education teachers, county extension agents, regional and national agricultural educators, WV K-12 teachers. Graduate students whose research intertwines with projects and individuals or units affected or which can be impacted by research findings. PROJECT MODIFICATIONS: Nothing significant to report during this reporting period.

Impacts
Teachers (K-12) continue to be excited to obtain and implement new ideas into their classroom curriculum that includes hands on scientific activities with an agricultural bases and long reaching impacts on agricultural knowledge within the state. Teachers have utilized resources provided and often request additional training and materials. Teachers report students are more involved in the hands on activities they can relate to in their everyday life. Studies on knowledge of agricultural and extension educators in the sustainable agriculture and forestry have result in further educational opportunities in these areas and continued discussions on what subject matter topics need refresher courses made available. Information transfer study has been shared with Penn State Agricultural educators and Extension. 4-H youth involvement in livestock projects has shown to positively impact life skill development and the study has lead to other inquiries in other project and contest areas. Has lead to recommendations for changes in some project areas to provide clearer expectations and resource availability. Study of agricultural knowledge of incoming college freshmen has lead to additional research with educators statewide on their agricultural literacy.

Publications

  • Watts, A. D. (2008). West Virginia agricultural education teachers perceptions on involving students with exceptionalities in agricultural classrooms and laboratories. Unpublished masters thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
  • Boone, H. N., & Boone, D. A. (2008). An assessment of problems faced by high school agricultural education teachers. Journal of Agricultural Education.(in press).
  • Boone, D. A., Watts, A., Boone, H. N. & Gartin, S. A. (2008). West Virginia agricultural educations teachers perceptions on involving students with exceptionalities in agricultural classrooms and laboratories. Proceedings 6th Annual North Central Region American Association of Agricultural Educators Research Conference, Ithaca, N.Y.
  • Boone, D. A. & Boone, H. N. (2008). Motivational factors for agricultural education teachers. Manuscript submitted for publication. (Journal of Natural Resources and Life Science Education.
  • Scott, H. R., Woloshuk, J. M., Boone, H. N., & Taylor, G. (2008). 4-H and FFA Youth and Parents Perceptions of Livestock Ethics. Proceedings 35th Annual National Agricultural Education Research Conference, XXXV, Reno, NV, 912-924
  • Boone, H. N. (Ed.). (2008). West Virginia Ag Ed News and Views. [Print and Electronic Versions]. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University. LVIII(1), LVIII(2), LVIII(3), LVIII(4).
  • Boone, H. N., Hersman, E. M., Boone, D.A., & Gartin, S. A. (2007). Sustainable agriculture: Knowledge and attitudes of practices by county Extension agents. Journal of Extension, 45(5).
  • Boone, H. N. & Boone, D. A. (2007). Problems faced by high school agricultural education teachers. Journal of Agricultural Education 48(2), 49-58.
  • Brown, C., Miller, S. M., Boone, D. A., Boone, H. N., Gartin, S. A., & McConnell, T. R. (2007). The importance of farmers markets for West Virginia direct marketers. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 22(1), 20-29.
  • Woloshuk, J.M., Boone, D. A., & Boone, H. N. (2008). Developing project and life skills through animal science 4-H projects. Proceedings of the Joint Council of Extension Professionals Galaxy III Conference, Indianapolis, IN.
  • Scott, H.R., Woloshuk, J.M., Boone, H. N., Boone, D. A., & Taylor, G.M. (2008). 4-H and FFA youth and parents perceptions of livestock ethics. Proceedings of the Joint Council of Extension Professionals Galaxy III Conference, Indianapolis, IN.
  • Nelson, C. B., Boone, D. A., Boone, H. N., & Woloshuk, J. M. (2008). Evaluation of information transfer between Extension agents and dairy producers in Pennsylvania. Proceedings 6th Annual North Central Region American Association of Agricultural Educators Research Conference, Ithaca, N.Y.
  • Lockerman Friend, K. R. (2008). Attitudes and knowledge of forestry by high school agricultural education teachers in West Virginia. Unpublished masters thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
  • Hunt, N. K. (2008).Current practices utilized by independent garden centers to extend the profitable season by returning customers, raising profit margins and implementing new practices. Unpublished masters thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
  • Pfeifer, L. L. (2008). Agricultural awareness and perceptions of freshmen at West Virginia University. Unpublished masters thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
  • Miller, D. J. (2008). Comparison of a new U shaped plastic fish tank system to the traditional concrete raceway system. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
  • Nelson, C. B. (2008). Evaluation of information transfer between extension agents and dairy producers in Pennsylvania. Unpublished masters thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.


Progress 01/01/07 to 12/31/07

Outputs
OUTPUTS: Activities: Conducted surveys of landowners in three West Virginia county regarding their perceptions of the Farmland Preservation program and an in depth study of one county to ascertain landowners opinions on tax rates and restrictions that should be included in a new Farmland Preservation Board guidelines for land acquisitions. Met with county Commissioners and Farmland Preservation Board members to discuss research finding and implications for their county. Currently developing surveys on how dairy nutrition information is disseminated to farmers by extension professionals and impact of special needs youth in agricultural classrooms and laboratory settings. Events: Attended regional and National meetings of the American Agricultural Education Association to share research findings and discuss with other faculty implications of the research for various areas. Key topics in 2007 have been Farmland Preservation, 4-H Life skills development as related to 4-H livestock projects, meat goat knowledge of agricultural and extension educators, importance of farmers' markets for direct marketers in West Virginia, sustainable agricultural knowledge and practices of county Extension agents, factors affecting the motivation of high school agriculture teachers, why the continue to teacher, what motivated them to teach in the beginning and what motivated them to continue to teach. Continue to consult and work with Extension agents in developing surveys, assessment instruments, data analysis and program evaluations. Provided consulting on understanding and using the logic model in program development and evaluation. Complied educational materials in cooperation with Extension personnel and other University faculty including development of lesson plans and hands on activities to share with primarily elementary and middle school teachers through an Agricultural Summer Institute to incorporate agricultural related topics into the classroom curriculum to increase agricultural literacy among teachers and students statewide. PARTICIPANTS: Principal Investigator and Co-PI's handle the majority of the project activities, such as designing surveys, developing materials, analyzing data and writing papers, journal articles, informational pieces and giving presentations on research conducted. Graduate students have contributed to the project through research proposal development, data collection, and report development. We have partnered with Potomac State College-WVU in providing instructional programs on meat goats which were and outgrowth of the research efforts. We work collaboratively with WVU Extension on a number of research and educational projects, providing expertise and in-kind support. WVU Extension and WV Farm Bureau has provided collaboration in information dissemination to teachers through the Agricultural Summer Institutes, providing in-service training to K-12 teachers.. Monongalia County Commissioners have provided opportunities to educate farmers and landowners in the county on Farm Land Preservation laws and potential impacts of new board development in the county. TARGET AUDIENCES: Target audiences include agricultural education teachers, county extension agents, regional and national agricultural educators, WV K-12 teachers. Graduate students whose research intertwines with projects and WV communities and individuals affected or which can be impacted by research findings.

Impacts
Teachers (K-12) have been excited to obtain and implement new ideas into their classroom curriculum that includes hands on scientific activities with an agricultural bases and long reaching impacts on agricultural knowledge within the state. Teachers have utilized resources provided and often request additional training and materials. Teachers report students are more involved in the hands on activities they can relate to in their everyday life. Studies on knowledge of agricultural and extension educators in the areas of meat goats and sustainable agriculture have result in further educational opportunities in these areas and continued discussions on what subject matter topics need refresher courses made available. Farmland preservation studies have been utilized by county commissioners in at least one county to guide decision making in designing and incorporating a new Farmland Preservation Board and its guidelines to insure adoption of practical policies that can be used for informed decision making by landowners in the county. 4-H youth involvement in livestock projects has shown to positively impact life skill development and the study has lead to other inquiries in other project and contest areas. As well as changes in some project areas to provide clearer expectations and resource availability.

Publications

  • Boone, D. A., Wickline, T. M., Boone, H. N., & Gartin, S. A. (2007). West Virginia county commissioners perceptions of the farmland preservation program. Proceedings 34th Annual National Agricultural Education Research Conference, XXXIV, Minneapolis, MN, 561-570.
  • Boone, D. A., Woloshuk, J. M. & Boone, H. N. (2007). Developing project and life skills through animal science 4-H projects. Proceedings 5th Annual North Central Region American Association of Agricultural Educators Research Conference, Columbia, Missouri, 223-236.
  • Kirk, A. L. & Boone, D.A. (2007). Research in Action: Knowledge and Attitudes of West Virginia Extension Agents and High School Agricultural Educators with Regard to Meat Goats and the Meat Goat Industry. West Virginia Ag Ed News and Views, LVII (3),6.
  • Boone, H. N., & Boone, D. A. (2007). Why do agricultural education teachers continue to teach? A qualitative analysis of one AAAE north central region state. Proceedings 34th Annual National Agricultural Education Research Conference, XXXIV, Minneapolis, MN, 561-570.
  • Boone, H. N., & Boone, D. A. (2007). What motivates agricultural education teachers to continue in the profession. Proceedings 5th Annual North Central Region American Association of Agricultural Educators Research Conference, Columbia, Missouri, 137-149.
  • Boone, D. A., & Taylor, N. (2007). Research Report: Leadership skills: Where are they being taught? Techniques Magazine, November/December, 48-50.


Progress 01/01/06 to 12/31/06

Outputs
Research activities conducted in 2006 included the study of Extension agents knowledge of sustainable agricultural practices,the knowledge and attitudes of West Virginia Extension agents, and high school agricultural educators with regard to meat goats and the meat goat industry, attitudes of Extension agents toward involvement of special needs students, teaching of leadership skills by high school agricultural education teachers, attitudes of county commissioners toward farmland preservation, impact of involvement in 4-H livestock projects on life skills. Studies also conducted of farmers markets and the direct marketing of agricultural products, educational needs and perceived obstacles identified by farmers' marker vendors, problems faced by high school agricultural education teachers, advantages and disadvantages of part-time employment by agricultural education teachers, agricultural education teachers' attitudes, knowledge, and understanding of biotechnology, non-technical skills and traits needed by college graduates, and livestock and dairy producers' knowledge of quality assurance issues.

Impacts
Result completed in 2006 has resulted in the evaluation and changes to practices associated with farmer's markets, changes in preservice and continuing educational opportunities for Extension agents and high school agricultural teachers, and improved ways to inform educators, the public and stakeholders on agricultural issues such as farmland preservation, farmer's markets and meat goats. Impacts will be ongoing as additional research reports are released.

Publications

  • Boone, D. A., Reed, C., Boone, H. N., Gartin, S. A., & Woloshuk, J. M. (2006). Attitudes of Extension professionals toward involvement of special needs youth in 4-H programs. Journal of Extension, 44(6).
  • Boone, H. N. & Boone, D. A. (2007). Problems faced by high school agricultural education teachers. Journal of Agricultural Education.
  • Brown, C., Miller, S. M., Boone, D. A., Boone, H. N., Gartin, S. A., & McConnell, T. R. (2007). The importance of farmers markets for West Virginia direct marketers. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems.
  • Boone, H. N., Hersman, E. M., Boone, D.A., & Gartin, S. A. (2007). Sustainable agriculture: Knowledge and attitudes of practices by county Extension agents. Journal of Extension.
  • Boone, H. N., Scarbrough, C. M., Gartin, S. A., & Boone, D. A. (2006). Part-time employment by secondary agricultural education teachers. Journal of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Education, 35, 185-193.
  • Boone, H. N., Gartin, S. A., Hughes, J. E., & Boone, D. A. (2006). Modernizing the agricultural curriculum: An analysis of agricultural education teachers attitudes, knowledge, and understanding of biotechnology. Journal of Agricultural Education, 47(1), 78-89.
  • Brand, T. H., Gartin, S. A., Boone, H. N., & Boone, D. A. (2005). Non-technical skills and traits needed to be career ready graduates as perceived by agribusiness employers and recruiters. Proceedings 32nd Annual National Agricultural Education Research Conference, XXXII, Charlotte, NC.
  • Wickline, T. M., Boone, D. A., Boone, H. N., & Gartin, S. A. (2006). Attitudes of county commissioners toward farmland preservation in West Virginia. Proceedings 4th Annual North Central Region American Association of Agricultural Educators Research Conference, Ames, Iowa.
  • Miller, S., Boone, D. A., Boone, H. N., Gartin, S. A., & Brown, C. (2006). Educational needs and perceived obstacles identified by farmers marker vendors in West Virginia. Proceedings 4th Annual North Central Region American Association of Agricultural Educators Research Conference, Ames, Iowa.
  • Flanagan, A. (2006). Livestock and dairy producers knowledge of quality assurance issues. Unpublished masters thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
  • Kirk, A. (2006). Knowledge and attitudes of West Virginia Extension agents and high school agricultural educators with regard to meat goats and the meat goat industry. Unpublished masters thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
  • Taylor, N. (2006). Teaching leadership development at the secondary level: a national study. Unpublished masters thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
  • Wickline, T. (2006). Attitudes of county commissioners toward farmland preservation in West Virginia. Unpublished masters thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.


Progress 01/01/05 to 12/31/05

Outputs
Current research is in progress to investigate the relationship between participation in 4-H projects such as beef, dog and veterinary science and the development of project and life skills. The study is in the data collection stage and will look at a random sample of 4-H members enrolled in the specified 4-H projects in West Virginia. Literature review on current Extension usage of on-line delivery methods for clientele is currently in progress.

Impacts
The 4-H study exploring the relationship between 4-H projects and life skills will be useful to Extension personnel and local leaders in adjusting 4-H programs to more effectively meet the needs of youth.

Publications

  • No publications reported this period