Source: RUTGERS, THE STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW JERSEY submitted to
IMPROVING THE MANAGEMENT AND EFFECTIVENESS OF COOPERATIVELY OWNED BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS
Sponsoring Institution
National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Project Status
TERMINATED
Funding Source
Reporting Frequency
Annual
Accession No.
0198402
Grant No.
(N/A)
Project No.
NJ02601
Proposal No.
(N/A)
Multistate No.
NCERA-210
Program Code
(N/A)
Project Start Date
Oct 1, 2008
Project End Date
Sep 30, 2013
Grant Year
(N/A)
Project Director
Bhuyan, S.
Recipient Organization
RUTGERS, THE STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW JERSEY
3 RUTGERS PLZA
NEW BRUNSWICK,NJ 08901-8559
Performing Department
Agricultural Food & Resource Economics
Non Technical Summary
The agriculture industry is rapidly changing and continues to challenge the viability of small and rural farmers. This project will examine management techniques and the effectiveness of cooperatively owned businesses to compete in today's agriculture industry.
Animal Health Component
(N/A)
Research Effort Categories
Basic
(N/A)
Applied
(N/A)
Developmental
(N/A)
Classification

Knowledge Area (KA)Subject of Investigation (SOI)Field of Science (FOS)Percent
6016210301015%
6026210301015%
6036210301015%
6046210301015%
6076210301020%
6086210301020%
Goals / Objectives
The overall objective of NCERA-210 is to promote and coordinate timely research on cooperatively owned business organizations for agricultural marketing, agricultural input supply, vertical coordination through value added processing, and rural services. Provide annual opportunities for interaction between and among academics, cooperative management, cooperative boards of directors, and government researchers by conducting an annual research forum, conducting periodic webinars, and involvement with the Cooperatives Community of Practice on eXtension. These efforts will communicate ongoing research on cooperatives, identifying research issues, organizing research teams and extend completed research to the broader cooperative community. Encourage and support research on the cooperative businessC model including interdisciplinary by agricultural economists, rural sociologists and business college faculty. Interaction will be encouraged through publication and support of the Journal of Cooperatives, invitations to annual forums, communication of the NCERA-210 web page and listserve, interaction with the Cooperatives Community of Practice on eXtension, participation in cooperative research projects and other methods. Foster communication and coordination among participants through the NCERA-210 web page and electronic listserve, periodic webinars, joint efforts with the Cooperative Community of Practice in eXtension and other methods. Coordinate with other national research projects, industry conferences and complementary groups such as WERA-72, NE-165, Farmer Cooperatives Conference, Cooperatives Community of Practice on eXtension, and the National Council of Farmer Cooperatives.
Project Methods
Application of economic, management, behavioral, and other tools to address practical problems faced by agricultural growers. Coordinated research efforts will be directed to fulfill objectives through interaction among members. Use conferences, workshops, symposium, and the Internet to inform, educate, and to bring together members and growers with similar interests and goals

Progress 10/01/08 to 09/30/13

Outputs
Target Audience: Agricultural extension agents, dairy farmers, cooperative members and managers, agricultural and applied economists, the USDA, and policy makers. Changes/Problems: Nothing Reported What opportunities for training and professional development has the project provided? Led to collaboration with (i) other members of the NCERA 210 (e.g., Dr. Phil Kenkel of the Okalahoma State Univ. and Dr. Jennifer Bond of the Colorado State University (she is at the ERS at present), (ii) C-FARE and CEE to develop teaching modules on agricultural cooperatives for high school students across the nation. How have the results been disseminated to communities of interest? The results of this project has been disseminated to the target audience via webinars, journal articles, and conference papers. What do you plan to do during the next reporting period to accomplish the goals? Nothing Reported

Impacts
What was accomplished under these goals? NCERA-194 no longer exists. It was renamed as NCERA-210 several years ago. The overall project goals, however, remains unchanged. Various accomplishments include: (i) partnering with theC-FARE (Council on Food, Agricultural and Resource Economics) and CEE (Council on Economic Education)to developing a course on agricultural cooperatives for high school students; (ii) Working as a member of the national C-FARE panel on "Agricultural Cooperatives: Economics, Opportunities and Structure in a New Era of Food, Fiber and Fuel," I examined (with Dr. J. Bond of Colorado State Univ) the strategic role of communication in cooperative organizations and the role it plays in cooperative success; (iii) examined the role of dairy coops on Northeast dairy farmers dairy farm profitability; findings show that such profitability dependent on proper farm management and animal husbandry practices were crucial to dairy farm profitability - such message should be conveyed by agricultural extension agents to dairy farmers in the region through education and training; and (iv) examined the role of members in their cooperative organizations to improve our understanding of member participation and whether participation in cooperatives is beneficial for members.

Publications

  • Type: Conference Papers and Presentations Status: Accepted Year Published: 2012 Citation: Bhuyan, S. "An Examination of Farmer Participation in Dairy Cooperatives in the Northeast." Paper presented in the Dept. of Agric. Food & Resource Economics, Rutgers University, New Jersey, November 21, 2012.
  • Type: Other Status: Published Year Published: 2012 Citation: Bhuyan, 2012. Review of Wilson, David; Wilson, Kristy; and Harvey, Claire (eds.). Small Farmers Big Change: Scaling up impact in smallholder agriculture. Warwickshire, UK: Practical Action Publishing with Oxfam GB. Agribusiness: An Int Jr., 28 (3): 372-374.
  • Type: Journal Articles Status: Published Year Published: 2012 Citation: Bhuyan, S. 2012. Are Cooperative Members better off than Non-members Comparing Member and Non-member Dairy Farmers in the Northeast United States. Jr. Of Cooperative Studies (UK). 45 (2):25-41.
  • Type: Journal Articles Status: Published Year Published: 2011 Citation: Bond, J. and S. Bhuyan, 2011. Industry Leaders Perspective on Communicating the Cooperative Value Package. Choices (an online peer reviewed magazine published by the AAEA), 26 (3), 2011.
  • Type: Conference Papers and Presentations Status: Accepted Year Published: 2010 Citation: Bhuyan, S. "Impact of Participation in Cooperatives on the Profitability of Dairy Farms in the Northeast." Selected paper, presented at the 2010 NAREA meetings, Atlantic City, NJ, June 13-15, 2010.
  • Type: Conference Papers and Presentations Status: Accepted Year Published: 2009 Citation: Bhuyan, S. A Comparison of Member and Non-member Dairy Farming in the Northeast United States. Paper presented at the Rural Cooperation in the 21st Century: Lessons from the Past, Pathways to the Future, an International Workshop, Rehovot, Israel, June 15-17, 2009.


Progress 10/01/11 to 09/30/12

Outputs
OUTPUTS: Agricultural industrialization, combined with decreasing number of both farm and farm population has adversely impacted rural communities across the country. Cooperatives provide an important means by which farmers and ranchers can remain competitive in an increasingly industrialized agricultural economy. In addition to providing strong economic base for rural America, cooperatives also provide key services to rural communities. Therefore, it is imperative that we stay focused on improving the management and effectiveness of cooperatively owned businesses (agricultural or otherwise) in the United States. The primary focus here is on studying how organizational behavior impacts cooperative performance and the role of cooperatives in community (economic) development. Dr. Bhuyan is working with colleagues from the Cornell University, and the Colorado State University to accomplish project goals. Cooperative member related data were collected from secondary sources, such as those from the NASS/USDA, and member behavior was analyzed. Results were recently published in an International journal. Dr. Bhuyan is also working with a colleague from Cornell to further analyze such secondary data. Collaborative work with a colleague from the Colorado State University was presented in a C-FARE panel in Washington, D.C. PARTICIPANTS: Not relevant to this project. TARGET AUDIENCES: Agricultural extension agents, dairy farmers, cooperative members and managers, agricultural and applied economist in the academia, the USDA, and policy PROJECT MODIFICATIONS: Not relevant to this project.

Impacts
Served as a panel member of the C-FARE panel on "Agricultural Cooperatives: Economics, Opportunities and Structure in a New Era of Food, Fiber and Fuel" (project leader: Dr. Phil Kenkel of the Oklahoma State University). Working closely with his colleague Dr. Jennifer Bond of the Colorado State University, Dr. Bhuyan examined the strategic role of communication in cooperative organizations and the role it plays in cooperative success. Such work provides (i) useful management and organizational information/tool to cooperative organizers, managers, and members, and also provides (ii) information valuable to the design and implementation of public policies towards cooperatives and related rural development. Recently published work on member participation in dairy cooperatives shows members were profitable but their profitability dependent on proper farm management and animal husbandry practices were crucial to dairy farm profitability - such message should be conveyed by agricultural extension agents to dairy farmers in the region through education and training.

Publications

  • Bhuyan, S. 2012. Are Cooperative Members better off than Non-members Comparing Member and Non-member Dairy Farmers in the Northeast United States. Jr. Of Cooperative Studies (UK). 45 (2):25-41.


Progress 01/01/11 to 12/31/11

Outputs
OUTPUTS: The primary focus here is on studying how organizational behavior impacts cooperative performance and the role of cooperatives in community (economic) development. In this regard, Dr. Bhuyan is working with colleagues from Colorado State University, RBS/ USDA, Cornell University, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison. PARTICIPANTS: Not relevant to this project. TARGET AUDIENCES: Target Audiences: Agricultural and applied economist in the academia, USDA, and elsewhere, cooperative managers and practitioners, cooperative members, and policy makers. PROJECT MODIFICATIONS: Not relevant to this project.

Impacts
Dr. Bhuyan was invited to be one of the panel members in the C-FARE panel on "Agricultural Cooperatives: Economics, Opportunities and Structure in a New Era of Food, Fiber and Fuel" (project leader: Dr. Phil Kenkel of the Oklahoma State University). Working closely with his colleague Dr. Jennifer Bond of the Colorado State University, Dr. Bhuyan examined the strategic role of communication in cooperative organizations and the role it plays in cooperative success. Such work by Dr. Bhuyan provides (i) useful management and organizational information/tool to cooperative organizers, managers, and members, and also provides (ii) information valuable to the design and implementation of public policies towards cooperatives and related rural development. The target audience include, agricultural and applied economist in the academia, USDA, and elsewhere, cooperative managers and practitioners, cooperative members, and policy makers.

Publications

  • Bond, J. and S. Bhuyan, 2011. Industry Leaders Perspective on Communicating the Cooperative Value Package. Choices (an online peer reviewed magazine published by the AAEA), 26 (3), 2011.
  • Bond, J. and S. Bhuyan. Communicating the Cooperative Value Package. eXtension sponsored and Iowa State University hosted webinar on October 26th, 2011. Link on the webinar date: https://connect.extension.iastate.edu/cooperatives.


Progress 01/01/10 to 12/31/10

Outputs
OUTPUTS: In his current efforts, Dr. Bhuyan has examined the impact of dairy farmer participation in cooperatives in the Northeast United States and how such participation may (or may not) have impacted the dairy operations. Additionally, Dr. Bhuyan also examined the factors that influenced dairy farmers' decision to participate in cooperatives to market their milk. In terms of the output, following were accomplished: presenting papers in a regional conference and submission of one journal article in an international cooperative journal. PARTICIPANTS: Not relevant to this project. TARGET AUDIENCES: Agric and applied economist in the academia, USDA, and elsewhere, cooperative managers and practitioners, cooperative members, and policy makers. PROJECT MODIFICATIONS: Not relevant to this project.

Impacts
Agricultural cooperatives play an important role in the farm economy of the Northeast, particularly in the dairy sector. Dr. Bhuyan's research (i) provides useful management and organizational information/tool to cooperative organizers, managers, and members for improved decision-making, and (ii) provides information valuable to clearer understanding of the dimensions of cooperative enterprise to allow for better targeted and relevant research, extension, and outreach activities as well as public policy.

Publications

  • Bhuyan, S. "Impact of Participation in Cooperatives on the Profitability of Dairy Farms in the Northeast." Selected paper, presented at the 2010 NAREA meetings, Atlantic City, NJ, June 13-15, 2010.


Progress 01/01/09 to 12/31/09

Outputs
OUTPUTS: In his current efforts, Dr. Bhuyan has examined the participation of dairy farmers in cooperatives in the Northeast United States. In terms of the output, following were accomplished: presenting papers in an international conference using a dataset created by Dr. Bhuyan using the USDA/ARMS master data. PARTICIPANTS: Not relevant to this project. TARGET AUDIENCES: agric and applied economist in the academia, USDA, and elsewhere, cooperative managers and practitioners, cooperative members, and policy makers. PROJECT MODIFICATIONS: Not relevant to this project.

Impacts
Literature has established that members are at the heart of any cooperative organization and their participation is essential for the survival and success of the cooperative. Given the focus Dr. Bhuyan's research is on a key economic question that ultimately may determine a cooperative's survival, the outcome of this research contributes to the better understanding of member participation and whether participation in cooperatives is beneficial for members.

Publications

  • Bhuyan, S. A Comparison of Member and Non-member Dairy Farming in the Northeast United States. Paper presented at the Rural Cooperation in the 21st Century: Lessons from the Past, Pathways to the Future, an International Workshop, Rehovot, Israel, June 15-17, 2009.


Progress 01/01/08 to 12/31/08

Outputs
OUTPUTS: As in the past, Dr. Bhuyan has continued to focus on member behavior, a crucial element in the management of cooperative business. This is a part of the overall objective of studying how organizational behavior impacts cooperative performance. In terms of the output, following were accomplished: preparing a cooperative member survey and conducting a pre-test; attending a conference; creating a data base of dairy farmer participation in dairy cooperatives in the Northeast using the USDA/ARMS master data. PARTICIPANTS: Not relevant to this project. TARGET AUDIENCES: agric and applied economist in the academia, USDA, and elsewhere, cooperative managers and practitioners, cooperative members, and policy makers. PROJECT MODIFICATIONS: Nothing significant to report during this reporting period.

Impacts
Literature has established that members are at the heart of any cooperative organization and their participation is essential for the survival and success of the cooperative. Given the focus Dr. Bhuyan's research is on a key economic question that ultimately may determine a cooperative's survival, the outcome of this research contributes to the better understanding of member participation and behavior and their impact on cooperative performance.

Publications

  • Laursen, C. V., K. Karantininis, & S. Bhuyan, 2008. Organizational Characteristics and Member Participation in Agricultural Cooperatives: Evidence from Modern Danish Cooperatives. Paper presented in the conference, The Role of the Cooperatives in the European Agro-food System, 28th-30th May 2008, Bologna, Italy.


Progress 01/01/07 to 12/31/07

Outputs
OUTPUTS: During this period, Dr. Bhuyan has focused member behavior, a crucial element in the management of cooperative business. This is part of the overall objective of studying how organizational behavior impacts cooperative performance. In terms of the output, following were accomplished: preparing a farmer survey and conducting a pre-test; attending a conference; developing an inter-institutional research proposal; creating a data base of dairy farmer participation in dairy cooperatives in the Northeast using the USDA/ARMS master data. PARTICIPANTS: Sanjib Bhuyan TARGET AUDIENCES: agric economist in the academia, USDA, and elsewhere, cooperative managers and practitioners, cooperative members, and policy makers.

Impacts
Literature has established that members are at the heart of any cooperative organization and their participation is essential for the survival and success of the cooperative. For instance, it was found that one of the reasons for cooperative failure is the lack of sufficient membership and volume, as well as poor management. In the U.S., there has been a significant and continuing drop in the number of farmer-owned cooperatives and cooperative memberships in recent years. Given the focus is on a key economic question that ultimately determines a farmer's survival, i.e., whether membership provide tangible economic benefits to members, the outcome of this research contributes to the better understanding of member participation and behavior and its economic impact on cooperatives.

Publications

  • Bhuyan, S. 2007. The people factor in cooperatives: The effect of attitudes on member participation and commitment. CJAE, 55: 275-298.
  • Bhuyan, S. 2007 Does it Pay to be a Member? An Analysis of Dairy Farmers' Participation in Cooperatives. unpublished manuscript, Dept of Agric. Food & Res Econ., Rutgers University, New Jersey.


Progress 01/01/06 to 12/31/06

Outputs
The primary focus here is on studying how organizational behavior impacts cooperative performance and the role of cooperatives in community (economic) development. In this regard, Dr. Bhuyan is working with colleagues from South Dakota State University, North Dakota State University, and colleagues aboard to examine the role of cooperatives in the food marketing system in particular and the economy in general.

Impacts
Dr. Bhuyan's research on agricultural and non-agricultural cooperatives concentrates on the economics of cooperatives, one of the most important organizational mechanisms used by farmers and consumers to improve their bargaining positions vis-a-vis large food marketing firms and agricultural input suppliers. Thus, Dr. Bhuyan=s research provides (i) useful management and organizational information/tool to cooperative organizers, managers, and members, and also provides (ii) information valuable to the design and implementation of public policies towards cooperatives and related rural development.

Publications

  • Bhuyan, S. 2006. The people factor in cooperatives: The effect of attitudes on member participation and commitment. Canadian Jr. of Agricultural Economics (forthcoming).


Progress 01/01/05 to 12/31/05

Outputs
The primary focus here is on studying how organizational behavior impacts cooperative performance and the role of cooperatives in community (economic) development. In this regard, Dr. Bhuyan is working with colleagues from South Dakota State University, North Dakota State University, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison to examine the role of cooperatives on rural economic development.

Impacts
Dr. Bhuyans research on agricultural and non-agricultural cooperatives concentrates on the economics of cooperatives, one of the most important organizational mechanisms used by farmers and consumers to improve their bargaining positions vis-a-vis large food marketing firms and agricultural input suppliers. Thus, Dr. Bhuyan's research provides (i) useful management and organizational information/tool to cooperative organizers, managers, and members, and also provides (ii) information valuable to the design and implementation of public policies towards cooperatives and related rural development.

Publications

  • Bhuyan, S. 2005. "Do Member Attitudes Influence Their Behavior? A Look at Some People Factors in Cooperatives." Paper presented at the Dept. of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Dec 15, 2005.
  • Bhuyan, S., 2005. "Role of Cooperatives in Economic Development: What Have We Learned So Far?" presented at the organized symposium "Role of Cooperatives in Rural Economic Development: Myth or Reality?" 2005 Annual NAREA meetings, Providence, RI, July 24-27, 2005.


Progress 01/01/04 to 12/31/04

Outputs
The primary focus here is on studying cooperative marketing strategies and performance, and the role of cooperatives in community (economic) development. In this regard, Dr. Bhuyan is working with colleagues from South Dakota State University, North Dakota State University, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison to examine the role of cooperatives on rural economic development.

Impacts
Dr. Bhuyan's research on agricultural and non-agricultural cooperatives concentrates on the economics of cooperatives, particularly their organization, management, and use of cooperative as a community development tool. Additionally, cooperatives are also considered one of the most important organizational mechanisms used by farmers and consumers to improve their bargaining positions vis-a-vis large food marketing firms and agricultural input suppliers. Thus, Dr. Bhuyan's research provides (i) useful management and organizational information/tool to cooperative organizers, managers, and members, and also provides (ii) information valuable to the design and implementation of public policies towards cooperatives and related rural development.

Publications

  • No publications reported this period