Source: UNIV OF WISCONSIN submitted to
INTEGRATION OF PHOSPHORUS RESEARCH, EDUCATION, AND POLICY DEVELOPMENT
Sponsoring Institution
National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Project Status
TERMINATED
Funding Source
Reporting Frequency
Annual
Accession No.
0190328
Grant No.
2001-52103-11353
Project No.
WIS04581
Proposal No.
2001-04610
Multistate No.
(N/A)
Program Code
(N/A)
Project Start Date
Sep 15, 2001
Project End Date
Sep 14, 2006
Grant Year
2001
Project Director
Binning, L. K.
Recipient Organization
UNIV OF WISCONSIN
21 N PARK ST STE 6401
MADISON,WI 53715-1218
Performing Department
HORTICULTURE
Non Technical Summary
Agencies developing agricultural programs for water quality protection from phosphorus inputs need a complete and sound information resource. Agricultural producers need relevant information concerning the impact of recommended management practices on their operations. Coordination of manure and P research along with communication of research findings through educational programs.
Animal Health Component
50%
Research Effort Categories
Basic
(N/A)
Applied
50%
Developmental
50%
Classification

Knowledge Area (KA)Subject of Investigation (SOI)Field of Science (FOS)Percent
1020199205013%
1120199205012%
1330210302025%
1330399303013%
1120210302025%
1120199303012%
Goals / Objectives
1) Calibrate and revise the Wisconsin and Iowa versions of the phosphorus (P) index utilizing runoff research data collected in each state. 2) Conduct research for the evaluation of landscape characteristics influencing P movement to surface waters. 3) Conduct a research program on the spatial dimensions of management decisions influencing the distribution of manure across a landscape. 4) Develop an educational outreach program that will coordinate the efforts of manure and phosphorus research and communicate the results to the range of audiences described above. Outreach efforts include: nutrient management cluster education for farmers; information dissemination to agency personnel involved in agricultural program development; publication and other media development for agricultural and nonagricultural public on the topics of P, manure management, and water quality. 5) Develop several strategies to evaluate the effectiveness and impact of education/outreach efforts.
Project Methods
The proposal will: Quantify management tools appropriate for Great Lakes region conditions that evaluate and rank the susceptibility of agricultural fields for contributing P to surface waters. Refine and improve existing landscape ranking models that assess the risk of P loss from cropland fields (i.e. the P index). Quantify the decision heuristics that livestock farmers use when deciding the timing, placement, and rates associated with manure applications. Implement a model education and outreach program that can be used by educators and agency staff in the Great Lakes states to promote the implementation of nutrient management practices. Deliver educational materials and research findings to agency personnel, policy-makers and the general public on the topics of manure, P, and nutrient management. Design a set of program evaluation tools that can be used with the above research-based educational materials.

Progress 09/15/01 to 09/14/06

Outputs
Reports on overall project activities sorted by grant objectives follow: 1) Calibration and ground-truthing of phosphorus (P) index - spring and fall P runoff research conducted in Wisconsin and Iowa. Research data incorporated in the Wisconsin and Iowa P indices. Data collaboration and sharing with Iowa State, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan State. The Wisconsin P index can be found at http://wpindex.soils.wisc.edu. Collaborative meetings held with P index researchers from Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota. 2) P and Farmer Behavior - GPS tracking of nutrient applications on study farm completed. P index run on farm. Constraints to adopting the 590 nutrient management standard being identified. Reports on the social and economic constraints to improved manure & P management developed and delivered. 3) Information and Education - Nutrient management cluster groups of farmers completed and winter educational meetings have occurred. On-farm consultations followed with the development of nutrient management plans. Extension publications on P management produced. Numerous Wisconsin and Iowa State Extension papers and presentations on the P index.

Impacts
Agricultural and natural resources management agency personnel are more knowledgeable about the agricultural management practices that reduce the impact of phosphorus (P) on surface water quality. An assessment tool (P index) has been developed that identifies the susceptibility of agricultural fields for P loss. The tool also ranks these fields in order of need for remedial or preventative actions. Resources can then be targeted. Training on the P index has occurred. Obstacles to farmer adoption have been identified and solutions to these obstacles are being addressed. Agricultural producers received information via numerous educational methods on management practices for reducing the impact of P on surface water quality.

Publications

  • No publications reported this period


Progress 01/01/05 to 12/31/05

Outputs
Reports on 2005 activities sorted by grant objectives follow: 1) Calibration and ground-truthing of phosphorus (P) index - Spring and fall P runoff research conducted in Wisconsin and Iowa. Research data incorporated in the Wisconsin and Iowa P indices. Data collaboration and sharing with Iowa State, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan State is occurring. The Wisconsin P index can be found at http://wpindex.soils.wisc.edu. Collaborative meetings held with P index researchers from Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota. Further research and revisions of each state's P index are likely. 2) P and Farmer Behavior - GPS tracking of nutrient applications on study farm completed. P index run on farm. Constraints to adopting the 590 nutrient management standard being identified. Reports on the social and economic constraints to improved manure & P management developed and delivered. 3) Information and Education - Year four of nutrient management cluster groups of farmers completed and winter 2005 educational meetings have occurred. On-farm consultations followed with the development of nutrient management plans. Extension publications on P management produced. Numerous Wisconsin and Iowa State Extension papers and presentations on the P index.

Impacts
Agricultural and natural resources management agency personnel will be more knowledgeable about the agricultural management practices that reduce the impact of phosphorus (P) on surface water quality. An assessment tool (P index) has been developed that identifies the susceptibility of agricultural fields for P loss. The tool also ranks these fields in order of need for remedial or preventative actions. Resources can then be targeted. Training on the P index occurring. Obstacles to farmer adoption have been identified and solutions to these obstacles are being addressed. Agricultural producers will receive information via numerous educational methods on management practices for reducing the impact of P on surface water quality.

Publications

  • Ebeling, A., A, Kittell, D. Ebeling, and L. Bundy. 2005. Evaluating Bray P1 on high pH, calcareous soils. In Annual meetings abstracts [CD-ROM]. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI.
  • Bundy, L.G., and A.P. Mallarino. 2005. Field-scale tools for reducing nutrient losses to water resources. p.151-162. In Proc. Gulf hypoxia and local water quality concerns workshop. Sept 26-28, 2005, Ames, IA. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA.
  • Mallarino, A. P., and L.G. Bundy. 2005. Agronomic and environmental implications of phosphorus management practices. p. 85-103. In Proc. Gulf hypoxia and local water quality concerns workshop. Sept 26-28, 2005, Ames, IA. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA. Mallarino, A.P, and L. G. Bundy. In press. Agronomic and environmental implication of phosphorus management practices. In Gulf Hypoxia and Local Water Quality Concerns. A Workshop Assessing Tools to reduce Agricultural Nutrient Losses to Water resources in the Corn Belt. Proceedings. Sep. 26-28. Ames, IA.
  • Mallarino, A.P., B.L. Allen, and M.U. Haq. 2005. Manure management impacts on phosphorus loss with surface runoff and on-farm phosphorus index implementation. An overview of ongoing research. In Agriculture and the Environment Conf. Proceedings [CD-ROM]. March 8-9, 2005. Iowa State Univ. Extension, Ames, IA.
  • Allen,B.L., A.P. Mallarino, and M.U. Haq. 2005. Relationship between soil and runoff phosphorus for three typical Iowa soils: a component of the national phosphorus runoff project. Agron. Abs. [CD-ROM]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA. Madison, WI.
  • Mallarino, A.P. 2005. Phosphorus - Impacts of fertilizer applications and management practices on the environment. In Illinois 2005 CCA Conference. [CD-ROM] Dec. 15. Springfield, IL


Progress 01/01/04 to 12/31/04

Outputs
Reports on 2004 activities sorted by grant objectives follow: 1) Calibration of phosphorus (P) index - Spring and fall P runoff research conducted in Wisconsin and Iowa. Research data incorporated in the Wisconsin and Iowa P indices. Data collaboration and sharing with Iowa State, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan State is occurring. The Wisconsin P index can be found at http://wpindex.soils.wisc.edu. Collaborative meetings held with P index researchers from Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota. Exploration of further research collaboration and funding possibilities. 2) P and Farmer Behavior - GPS tracking of nutrient applications on study farm. Draft P index run on farm. Constraints to adopting the 590 nutrient management standard being identified. Reports on the social and economic constraints to improved manure & P management developed and delivered. 3) Information and Education - Year four of nutrient management cluster groups of farmers selected and winter educational meetings have occurred and are still occurring. On-farm consultations to follow. Extension publications on P management produced. Numerous Wisconsin and Iowa State Extension papers and presentations on the P index.

Impacts
Agricultural and natural resources management agency personnel will be more knowledgeable about the agricultural management practices that reduce the impact of phosphorus (P) on surface water quality. An assessment tool (P index) has been developed that identifies the susceptibility of agricultural fields for P loss. The tool also ranks these fields in order of need for remedial or preventative actions. Human and fiscal resources can then be targeted. Obstacles to farmer adoption have been identified and solutions to these obstacles are being addressed. Agricultural producers will receive information via numerous educational methods on management practices for reducing the impact of P on surface water quality.

Publications

  • Good, L.W., L.G. Bundy, P.W. Barak, and J.M. Meyer. 2004. Predicting runoff sediment phosphorus concentrations using routine soil analyses. In 2004 Agronomy Abstracts. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI.
  • Ebeling, A.M., and L.G. Bundy. 2004. Phosphorus source effects on the soil phosphorus buffering capacity. In 2004 Agronomy Abstracts. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI.
  • Ebeling, A.E., L.G. Bundy, and S.J. Sturgul. 2004. Phosphorus Movement from Land to Water. NPM Program.
  • Cabot, P.E., S.K. Bowen, and P.J. Nowak. 2004. Manure management in urbanizing settings. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 59(6):235-242.
  • Good, L.W. 2004. The research basis for the Wisconsin phosphorus index. Proc. Wis. Fert. Aglime and Pest Mgmt. Conf. 43:255-257.
  • Pearson, B., L.W. Good, P. Kaarakka, L. Bundy, K. Erb, and W. Jarrell. 2004. SNAP-Plus - Nutrient management software for Wisconsin. Proc. Wis. Fert. Aglime and Pest Mgmt. Conf. 43:258-261.
  • Studnicka, J.S., T.W. Andraski, J.M. Powell, and L.G. Bundy. 2004. Dairy diet phosphorus source effects on phosphorus losses in runoff from land-applied manure. In 2004 Agronomy Abstracts. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI.
  • Bundy, L.G., J. S. Studnicka, and J.M. Powell. 2004. Manure handling and extraction procedure effects on determination of water extractable phosphorus in manures. In 2004 Agronomy Abstracts. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI.


Progress 01/01/03 to 12/31/03

Outputs
Reports on 2003 activities sorted by grant objectives follow: 1) Calibration of phosphorus (P) index - Spring and fall P runoff research conducted in Wisconsin and Iowa. Research data incorporated in the Wisconsin and Iowa P indices. Data collaboration and sharing with Iowa State, Wisconsin, and Minnesota is occurring. Draft of Wisconsin P index can be found at http://wpindex.soils.wisc.edu. Collaborative meetings held with P index researchers from Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, and Michigan. Exploration of further research collaboration and funding possibilities. 2) P and Farmer Behavior - GPS tracking of nutrient applications on study farms. Draft P index run on farms. Constraints to adopting the 590 nutrient management standard being identified. Reports on the social and economic constraints to improved manure & P management developed and delivered. 3) Information and Education - Year three of nutrient management cluster groups of farmers selected and winter educational meetings have occurred and are still occurring. On-farm consultation to follow. P research Roundtable colloquia series concluded in 2003 with three more gatherings. Website summarizing the series can be found at www.soils.wisc.edu/extension/p_roundtables/title.htm. Extension publications on P management produced. Numerous Wisconsin and Iowa State Extension papers and presentations on the P index.

Impacts
Agricultural and natural resources management agency personnel will be more knowledgeable about the agricultural management practices that reduce the impact of phosphorus (P) on surface water quality. An assessment tool (P index) has been developed that identifies the susceptibility of agricultural fields for P loss. The tool also ranks these fields in order of need for remedial or preventative actions. Human and fiscal resources can then be targeted. Obstacles to farmer adoption have been identified and solutions to these obstacles are being addressed. Agricultural producers will receive information via numerous educational methods on management practices for reducing the impact of P on surface water quality.

Publications

  • Kelling, K.A., L.G. Bundy, and A. Ebeling. 2003. When and where to apply manure: Seasonal guidelines for minimizing phopsphorus losses from manured fields. Univ. Wis. Extn.-NPM Progam pub.
  • Kelling, K.A., L.G. Bundy, and A. Ebeling. 2003. Management options for farms with high soil test phosphorus levels. Univ. Wis. Extn.-NPM Program pub.
  • Adams, L.N., J.M. Powell, S.J. Sturgul, et al., 2003. Dairy whole-farm nutrient management-the diet connection. Univ. Wis. Extn.-NPM Progam CD.
  • Nowak, P.J., and P.E. Cabot. 2003. Animal feeding operation size and soil phosphorus distribution within fields. American Water Resources Assn. annual proceedings.
  • Andraski, T.W., and L.G. Bundy. 2003. Relationships between phosphorus levels in soil and in runoff from corn production systems. J. Environ. Qual. 32:310-316.
  • Andraski, T.W., L.G. Bundy, and K.C. Kilian. 2003. Manure history and long-term tillage effects on soil properties and phosphorus losses in runoff. J. Environ. Qual. 32:1782-1789.
  • Andraski, T.W., and L.G. Bundy. 2003. Timing and placement effects of land-applied manure on phosphorus in runoff. In Agronomy Abstracts. Am. Soc. of Agron., Madison, WI.
  • Good, L.W., T.W. Andraski, and L.G. Bundy. 2003. Using simulated rainfall research to develop the Wisconsin phosphorus index. In Agronomy Abstracts. Am. Soc. of Agron., Madison, WI.


Progress 01/01/02 to 12/31/02

Outputs
Reports on 2002 activities sorted by grant objectives follow: 1) Calibration of phosphorus (P) index - Spring and fall phosphorus runoff research conducted in Wisconsin and Iowa. Research data being incorporated into the evolving Wisconsin and Iowa P index. Data collaboration and sharing between Iowa State and Wisconsin is occurring. Draft (beta-version) of Wisconsin P index posted on website for evaluation by other parties. Collaborative meetings held with P index researchers from Wisconsin, Iowa State, Minnesota, and Michigan State. Exploration of further research collaboration and funding possibilities. 2) P and Farmer Behavior - Background data on biophysical and managerial parameters of each farm within the study area have been completed. GPS tracking format developed. Reports on the social and economic constraints to improved manure/P management developed and delivered. 3) Information and Education - Year two nutrient management cluster groups of farmers selected and winter educational workshops occurring. On-farm consultation to follow. P Research Roundtable colloquia series continues with six gatherings in 2002. Website for this effort was created and can be viewed at www.soils.wisc.edu/extension/p_roundtables/title.htm. Three Extension-oriented publications on P management were produced. Numerous Wisconsin and Iowa State Extension papers and presentations on the P index were presented.

Impacts
Agricultural and natural resources management agency personnel will be more knowledgeable about the agricultural management practices that reduce the impact of phosphorus (P) on surface water quality. An assessment tool (P index) will be developed that will identify the susceptibility of agricultural fields for P loss. The tool will also rank these fields in order of need for remedial actions. Human and fiscal resources can then be targeted. Obstacles to farmer adoption will be identified and solutions to these obstacles will be addressed. Agricultural producers will receive information via numerous educational methods on management practices for reducing the impact of P on surface water quality.

Publications

  • Ebeling, A.M., L.G. Bundy, T.W. Andraski, and J.M. Powell. 2002. Dairy diet phosphorus effects on phosphorus losses in runoff from land-applied manure. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 66:284-291.
  • Adams, L.N., M. Broeske. 2002. Phosphorus balancing: Purchasing supplements. Univ. Wis. Extn. - NPM Prog. pub.
  • NPM Program. 2002. Farm smart -credit manure: Fertilizer value of dairy manure. Univ. Wis. Extn. - NPM Prog. pub.
  • NPM Program. 2002. Manure hauling records. Univ. Wis. Extn. - NPM Prog. pub.
  • NPM Program. 2002. Credit what you spread: Available manure nutrient content. Univ. Wis. Extn. - NPM Prog. pub. A3580.
  • Sturgul, S.J., and L.G. Bundy. 2002. Understanding soil phosphorus: An overview of phosphorus, water quality, and agricultural management practices. Univ. of Wis. Extn. - NPM Program pub A3771. 32p.
  • Ebeling, A., L.G. Bundy, J.M. Powell, L.D. Satter. 2002. Dietary phosphorus considerations in dairy management. Univ. of Wis. Extn. - NPM Program. 4p.
  • Brye, K.R., T.W. Andraski, W.J. Jarrell, L.G. Bundy, and J.M. Norman. 2002. Phosphorus leaching under a restored tallgrass prairie and corn agroecosystems. J. Environ. Qual. 31:769-781.


Progress 01/01/01 to 12/31/01

Outputs
Grant award notification was received in early October and project initiation followed. Reports sorted by grant objectives follow: 1)Calibration of phosphorus (P) index - Fall phosphorus runoff research conducted in Wisconsin. In Iowa, graduate student recruited and rainfall simulation equipment being acquired. New research data being incorporated into the evolving Wisconsin P index. 2)P and Farmer Behavior - Graduate student has been acquired and selection of research farms has been accomplished. Background data on biophysical and managerial parameters of each farm currently being collected. GPS tacking format being developed. 3)Information and Education - Nutrient management cluster groups of farmers selected and winter educational workshops occurring. On-farm consultation to follow. P Research Roundtable colloquia series established with four gatherings held. Website for this effort was created and can be viewed at www.soils.wisc.edu/extension/p_roundtables/title.htm. Three Extension-oriented publications on dietary P management were produced. Additionally, a "P Primer" is nearing completion. Three papers published.

Impacts
Agricultural and natural resources management agency personnel will be more knowledgeable about the agricultural management practices that reduce the impact of phosphorus (P) on surface water quality. An assessment tool (P index) will be developed that will identify the susceptibility of agricultural fields for P loss. The tool will also rank these fields in order of need for remedial actions. Human and fiscal resource can then be targeted. Obstacles to farmer adoption will be identified and solutions to these obstacles will be addressed. Agricultural producers will receive information via numerous educational methods on management practices for reducing the impact of P on surface water quality.

Publications

  • Bundy, L.G. and S.J. Sturgul. 2001. A phosphorus budget for Wisconsin cropland. J. of Soil and Water Conserv. 56(3):242-248.
  • Bundy, L.G., and T.W. Andraski. 2001. Manure and tillage effects on phosphorus in runoff. In Proceedings of the 2001 North Central Extension-Industry Soil Fertility Conf., Nov. 14-15, 2001, Des Moines, IA.
  • Bundy, L.G., T.W. Andraski, and J.M. Powell. 2001. Management practice effects on phosphorus losses in runoff in corn production systems. J. Envir. Qual. 30:1822-1828.
  • Adams, L.N., M. Broeske, and S.J. Sturgul. 2001. Phosphorus balancing: Optimizing dietary P levels. Univ. Wis. Extn. - NPM Prog. pub.
  • Adams, L.N., M. Broeske, and S.J. Sturgul. 2001. Phosphorus balancing: The in's and out's. Univ. Wis. Extn. - NPM Prog. pub.
  • Adams, L.N., M. Broeske, J.M. Powell, and S.J. Sturgul. 2001. Phosphorus balancing: Dietary P and spreadable acres. Univ. Wis. Extn. -NPM Prog. pub.