Source: CORNELL UNIVERSITY submitted to
AGRICULTURAL LAND CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM FOR NEW YORK
Sponsoring Institution
State Agricultural Experiment Station
Project Status
TERMINATED
Funding Source
Reporting Frequency
Annual
Accession No.
0089363
Grant No.
(N/A)
Project No.
NYC-125323
Proposal No.
(N/A)
Multistate No.
(N/A)
Program Code
(N/A)
Project Start Date
Oct 1, 1995
Project End Date
Sep 30, 2009
Grant Year
(N/A)
Project Director
DeGloria, S. D.
Recipient Organization
CORNELL UNIVERSITY
(N/A)
ITHACA,NY 14853
Performing Department
CROP & SOIL SCIENCES
Non Technical Summary
(N/A)
Animal Health Component
(N/A)
Research Effort Categories
Basic
(N/A)
Applied
(N/A)
Developmental
100%
Classification

Knowledge Area (KA)Subject of Investigation (SOI)Field of Science (FOS)Percent
10101992061100%
Knowledge Area
101 - Appraisal of Soil Resources;

Subject Of Investigation
0199 - Soil and land, general;

Field Of Science
2061 - Pedology;
Goals / Objectives
The objectives are to maintain and evaluate an agricultural land classification system for New York based upon soil productivity and capability for use by the Commissioner of Agriculture and Markets pursuant to S304-a(3)(a) of the Agricultural and Markets law.
Project Methods
Soils will be evaluated based upon available yield data. Soil properties, climate, elevation and location within the state will be used to rank the soil productivity and capability relative to other soils of the State when yield data is limited. New soil types and map units of known soil types as identified through soil survey programs will be incorporated into the land classification system each year. A computer database will be maintained for yields and soil ratings. A report to the Commissioner of Agriculture on the status of the soil classification system will be made annually.

Progress 10/01/08 to 09/30/09

Outputs
OUTPUTS: Copies of county and state master lists of soils and associated agricultural land classification data were updated and distributed to New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets in December 2008 and December 2009. Counties with major changes (2008) include: Allegany County Progress Field Review Report, 9/3/08; Franklin County 2008 Progress Field Review Report, 9/3/08; and Ontario and Yates Soil Survey Area 2008 Progress Field Review Report, 8/1/08. Counties with major changes (2009) include: Cortland - Progress Field Review, 10/29/09; Franklin - Progress Field Review, 6/25/09; Lewis - Quality Assurance Review, 11/6/09; and Ontario-Yates - Quality Assurance review, 8/24/09. All other counties remain the same as previously reported. PARTICIPANTS: Members of the National Cooperative Soil Survey; Agricultural Protection Unit, New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets; and other units of local, state, and federal government responsible for soil survey and agricultural land value assessments. TARGET AUDIENCES: Users of soil survey information for land management and planning, conservation of agronomic and natural resources, agricultural land protection, and assessment of conservation practices on public and private lands. PROJECT MODIFICATIONS: None.

Impacts
The information from the soil productivity and sustainability values are used to determine the placement of soils into one of 10 groups. These groups are then used to determine agricultural exemptions for evaluation and taxation purposes. The lists are also used to evaluate land use for several non-agricultural purposes.

Publications

  • No publications reported this period


Progress 10/01/07 to 09/30/08

Outputs
OUTPUTS: Copies of county and state master lists of soils and associated agricultural land classification data were updated and distributed to New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets on 18 December 2008. PARTICIPANTS: Members of the National Cooperative Soil Survey; Agricultural Protection Unit, New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets; and other units of local, state, and federal government responsible for agricultural land value assessments. TARGET AUDIENCES: Users of soil survey information for land management and planning, conservation of agronomic and natural resources, agricultural land protection, and assessment of conservation practices on public and private lands. PROJECT MODIFICATIONS: Nothing significant to report during this reporting period.

Impacts
The information from the soil productivity and sustainability values are used to determine the placement of the soils into one of 10 groups. These groups are then used to determine the agricultural exemptions for evaluation and taxation purposes. The lists are also used to evaluate land use for several non-agricultural purposes.

Publications

  • No publications reported this period


Progress 10/01/06 to 09/30/07

Outputs
OUTPUTS: Copies of county and state master lists of soils and associated agricultural land classification data were updated and distributed to New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets in December 2007. Counties with major changes include: Allegany - Progress Field Review 10/9/07; Cortland - Progress Field Review 11/2/07; Essex - Final Field Review 11/28/06; Franklin - Initial Field Review 9/26/07; Fulton - Classification and Correlation 4/18/07; Greene - First Amendment of the Classification and Correlation 5/2/07; Lewis - Progress Field Review 10/27/07; Ontario - Progress Field Review 9/26/07; Yates - Progress Field Review 9/26/07 All other counties will remain the same as previously reported. PARTICIPANTS: Members of the National Cooperative Soil Survey; Agricultural Protection Unit, New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets; and other units of local, state, and federal government responsible for agricultural land value assessments. TARGET AUDIENCES: Users of soil survey information for land management and planning, conservation of agronomic and natural resources, agricultural land protection, and assessment of conservation practices on public and private lands.

Impacts
The information from soil productivity indices and sustainability values are used to determine the placement of state soils into one of 10 groups. These groups are then used to determine the agricultural exemptions for evaluation and taxation purposes. The lists are also used to evaluate the land use for several non agricultural purposes.

Publications

  • No publications reported this period


Progress 01/01/06 to 12/31/06

Outputs
Copies of county and state master lists of soils and associated agricultural land classification data were updated and distributed to New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets in December 2006. Counties with major changes: Fulton - 2006 Fulton County Final Field Review; Herkimer - Amendment #2 to the Classification and Correlation of the Soils of Herkimer County; Oneida - Amendment #3 to the Classification and Correlation of the Soils of Oneida County; Ontario - 2006 Ontario County Initial Field Review; Sullivan - Amendment #2 to the Classification and Correlation of the Soils of Sullivan County; and Yates - 2006 Yates County Initial Field Review. All other counties will remain the same as previously reported.

Impacts
The information from the soil productivity and sustainability values are used to determine the placement of the soils into one of 10 groups. These groups are then used to determine the agricultural exemptions for evaluation and taxation purposes. The lists are also used to evaluate the land use for several non agricultural purposes.

Publications

  • No publications reported this period


Progress 01/01/05 to 12/31/05

Outputs
Copies of county and state master lists of soils and associated agricultural land classifications were updated and distributed to New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets. Allegany County conducted a 2005 Progress Field Review (report dated 9/6/2005). Orange County had a First amendment to the Classification and Correlation of the Soils of Orange County (report dated 11/18/05). Both Allegany County and Lewis County include the original soil survey and the new soil survey. All other counties will remain the same as the 2005 report.

Impacts
The information from the soil productivity and sustainability values are used to determine the placement of the soils into one of 10 groups. These groups are then used to determine the agricultural exemptions for evaluation and taxation purposes. The lists are also used to evaluate the land use for several non agricultural purposes.

Publications

  • No publications reported this period


Progress 01/01/04 to 12/31/04

Outputs
Two copies of county and state master lists of soils were updated and distributed. The database was updated subsequent to NRCS Progress Field Reviews in Allegany County, Lewis County, and Fulton County; NRCS Final Field Review in Genesee County; and an amendment for Orleans County. Both Allegany County and Lewis County updates include the original soil survey and the new soil survey reports.

Impacts
The information from the soil productivity and sustainability values are used to determine the placement of the soils into one of 10 groups. These groups are then used to determine the agricultural exemptions for evaluation and taxation purposes. The lists are also used to evaluate the land use for several non agricultural purposes such as siting a landfill.

Publications

  • No publications reported this period


Progress 01/01/03 to 12/31/03

Outputs
The State Master Soils list was updated for the year 2003. Cattaraugus County executed a First Amendment to the Classification and Correlation Document. Essex County published a new I.D./Conversion Legend. All other counties in New York State remained the same as of 2003.

Impacts
The information from the soil productivity and sustainability values are used to determine the placement of the soils into one of 10 groups. These groups are then used to determine the agricultural exemptions for evaluation and taxation purposes. The lists are also used to evaluate the land use for several non agricultural purposes such as siting a landfill.

Publications

  • No publications reported this period


Progress 01/01/02 to 12/31/02

Outputs
The Master Soils List were provided to NYS Department of Agriculture, Albany, NY and to NRCS-USDA, Syracuse, NY for all soils surveyed in each county of NY. Major changes were made to the soil lists for 3 counties and some minor changes to several others.

Impacts
The information from the soil productivity and sustainability values are used to determine the placement of the soils into one of 10 groups. These groups are then used to determine the agricultural exemptions for evaluation and taxation purposes. The lists are also used to evaluate the land use for several non agricultural purposes such as siting a landfill.

Publications

  • No publications reported this period


Progress 01/01/01 to 12/31/01

Outputs
Updates for the NYS Master soils list were provided to NYS Department of Agriculture and Markets, Albany, NY and to NRCS-USDA, Syracuse NY for all soils surveyed in each county of NY. Major changes were made to the soil lists for three counties. Minor changes were made to 3 other county lists.

Impacts
The information from the master soils list are used for determining soil classes to evaluate exemptions from taxation. The system provides information necessary to permit several million dollars in exemptions from taxation of agricultural lands. Likewise the information from these lists have been used in several other ways other than for the exemptions from NY taxation such as determination whether the land can be used for certain nonagricultural purposes such as siting a landfill.

Publications

  • No publications reported this period


Progress 01/01/00 to 12/31/00

Outputs
Updates for the NYS Master soils list were provided to NYS Department of Agriculture and Markets, Albany, NY and to NRCS-USDA, Syracuse, NY for all soils surveyed in each county of NY. Major changes were made to the soil lists for three counties. Minor changes were made to 2 other county lists.

Impacts
These lists provide productivity indices for all soils and are used by Agriculture and Markets to evaluate the soils for exemptions to full value assessment for taxation purposes. Likewise, they provide the basis for soil use or exclusion of soil use for non-agriculture purposes within and agricultural district.

Publications

  • No publications reported this period


Progress 01/01/98 to 12/31/98

Outputs
The objectives of this project are to maintain a current list of soils as used by the National Resource Conservation Service in the Soil Survey of NY and evaluate the soils of New York based upon their productivity and capability for agricultural production. The lists are provided to the Commissioner of Agriculture and Markets pursuant to S304-a(3) (a) of the Agricultural and Markets Law. Changes are made in soil lists and the evaluations annually based upon changes in soils used in the NY soil survey and as changes are made for each county soil survey. The 1999 State Master Soils List and the soil list for each county were produced in December 1998 and sent to the Commissioner.

Impacts
(N/A)

Publications

  • No publications reported this period


Progress 01/01/97 to 12/31/97

Outputs
The process of updating the databases containing the crop yields and soils information required by the New York Agricultural Land Classification system was continued. Changes in the Master Soils list were made for Livingston and Oneida Counties. Required soils interpretations and printouts were made for each county and for the state across all counties. Copies were provided to the Department of Agriculture & Markets for distribution to the County Soil and Water Conservation Districts and other state agencies. Copies were also provided to USDA-Soil Conservation Service, Syracuse NY. Electronic copies of these documents are also maintained at Cornell.

Impacts
(N/A)

Publications

  • No publications reported this period


Progress 01/01/95 to 12/30/95

Outputs
The process of updating the databases containing the crop yields and soils information required by the New York Agricultural Land Classification system was continued. Major changes in the Master Soils list were made for Clinton and Essex Counties. Changes were also made in the soil lists for Chautauqua, Putnam/Westchester and Orange Counties. The required soils interpretation and printouts were made by county for each county within the state and for the state across all counties. Copies were provided to the Department of Agriculture & Markets for distribution to the County Soil and Water Conservation Districts and other state agencies. Likewise, copies were provided to USDA - Soil Conservation Service, Syracuse NY.

Impacts
(N/A)

Publications


    Progress 01/01/94 to 12/30/94

    Outputs
    The process of updating the databases containing the crop yields and soils information required by the New York Agricultural Land Classification system was continued. Major changes in the Master Soils List were made for Allegany county. Changes were also made in the soil lists for Delaware, Hamilton and Tioga counties. The required soils interpretation and printouts were made by county for each county within the state and for the state across all counties. Copies were provided to the Department of Agriculture & Markets for distribution to the County Soil and Water Conservation Districts and other state agencies. Likewise, copies were provided to USDA - Soil Conservation Service, Syracuse, NY.

    Impacts
    (N/A)

    Publications


      Progress 01/01/93 to 12/30/93

      Outputs
      The soils information required for the New York Agricultural Land ClassificationSystem was updated. Major changes were made in the soil databases for Fulton County based upon the status of the 1993 Progress Field reviews by SCS and Cornell Soil Scientists. Fewer changes were made to the soils databases for Cattaraugus, Delaware, Essex, Oneida, Otsego, and Saratoga counties based upon the 1993 field reviews and/or new classification and correlations. These counties are closer to completion of the soil survey. The New York Agricultural Land Classification System continues to be used for computations of tax exemptions for agricultural lands, the exclusion of agricultural lands from certain types of non-agricultural uses and the comparison of agricultural lands within various parcels. Several business and other governmental agencies are using the information as an evaluation of agricultural lands.

      Impacts
      (N/A)

      Publications


        Progress 01/01/92 to 12/30/92

        Outputs
        The soils information required for the New York Agricultural Land ClassificationSystem was updated. Major changes were made in the soil databases for Hamilton county based upon the status of the 1992 final field review by SCS and Cornell Soil Scientists. Fewer changes were made to the soils databases for Dutchess, Oneida, Orleans, and Saratoga counties based upon the 1992 classification, correlation, and final field review. These counties are closer to completion of the soil survey. The soil survey for Albany county was published in 1992. The New York Land Classification system continues to be used for computations of tax exemptions for agricultural lands, the exclusion of agricultural lands from certain types of non-agricultural uses and the comparison of agricultural lands within various parcels. Several business and other governmental agencies are using the information as an evaluation of agricultural lands.

        Impacts
        (N/A)

        Publications


          Progress 01/01/91 to 12/30/91

          Outputs
          The soils information required for the New York agricultural land classificationsystem was updated. Major changes were made in the soil databases for Cattaraugus, Clinton, Dutchess and Essex counties based upon the status of the 1991 field reviews by SCS and Cornell Soil Scientists. Fewer changes were made to the soils databases for Delaware, Oneida, Otsego, Saratoga and St. Lawrence counties based upon the 1991 field reviews. These counties are closer to completion of the soil survey. The New York land classification system continues to be used for computations of tax exemptions for agricultural lands, the exclusion of agricultural lands from certain types of non-agricultural uses and the comparison of agricultural lands within various parcels. Several business and other governmental agencies are using the information as an evaluation of agricultural lands.

          Impacts
          (N/A)

          Publications


            Progress 01/01/90 to 12/30/90

            Outputs
            The soils information required for the New York agricultural land classificationsystem was updated. Major changes were made in the soil databases for Cattaraugus, Clinton, Dutchess and Essex counties based upon the status of the 1990 field reviews by SCS and Cornell Soil Scientists. Fewer changes were made to the soils databases for Delaware, Oneida, Otsego, Saratoga and St. Lawrence counties based upon the 1990 field reviews. These counties are closer to completion of the soil survey. The Jefferson county database was converted to publication map unit symbols rather than field soil survey numbers. The New York land classification system continues to be used for computations of tax exemptions for agricultural lands, the exclusion of agricultural lands from certain types of non-agricultural uses and the comparison of agricultural lands within various parcels.

            Impacts
            (N/A)

            Publications


              Progress 01/01/88 to 12/30/88

              Outputs
              As the soil survey for several counties progressed, the quality of the information for the land classification system also improved. Major adjustments to the information was made for four counties with some information being adjusted for an additional six counties. Work was continued on a computer database to make some of this information available in other than written (report) format. The master soils list for counties and state was furnished to the state Department of Agriculture and Markets, Albany in early November. In addition, some work involving acres of different soil groups was done to justify establishing and/or changing the site restrictions for locating certain types of businesses in agricultural areas.

              Impacts
              (N/A)

              Publications


                Progress 01/01/87 to 12/30/87

                Outputs
                The 1988 State Master list of Soils & Relative Production potential was preparedfor the State Department of Agriculture and Markets. This soils information is used in a number of regulations involving land use and evaluation and assessment. Major quantities of new soils survey information were added for the counties of Cattaraugus, Chautaqua, Delaware, and Dutchess. Changes were also made in the soil legends for Oneida, Otsego, Saratoga, and St. Lawrence counties. Work is continuing on creating an interactive database to link this information with the SCS Form 5 data to provide a soils database for use by educators, researchers, policy makers.

                Impacts
                (N/A)

                Publications


                  Progress 01/01/85 to 12/30/85

                  Outputs
                  The data from counties with currently active soil survey parties were entered into the Master Soil data files. The data from these and all previously entered data were used to update the N.Y. Land Classification System for Agriculture and Markets for use in the Agricultural Land Taxation and Assessment System. In addition, an effort to link the Master Soils data file with the USDA-SCS Form 5 Soil Description data was begun. When completed, information on each soil, counties were where soil was mapped and acres as well as soil characteristics, will be available for printing using a data base management system. This will permit rapid development of the information for educational programs.

                  Impacts
                  (N/A)

                  Publications


                    Progress 01/01/84 to 12/30/84

                    Outputs
                    The Agricultural Land Classification System for New York is used to evaluate agricultural lands for economic crop production. It is based upon the total Digestible Nutrient production potential of the soils for corn and hay crops. Corn cannot be included in the rotation more often than would be permitted by the Universal soil loss equation to keep erosion below the T Value (maximum soil loss without affecting productivity). Utilizing the Total Digestible Nutrient production function a rating for each soil mapping unit is rated for its production potential and ranked in one of 10 soil groups. These 1984 Master Soils lists were prepared in cooperation with the Soil Conservation Service by County and State for use by the Department of Agriculture & Markets in their program with the taxation and assessment of agriculture lands and preservation of agriclture lands programs.

                    Impacts
                    (N/A)

                    Publications


                      Progress 01/01/83 to 12/30/83

                      Outputs
                      Updated soil survey legends for several counties were entered into the Master Soils List for the 1983 Agricultural Land Classification for New York. State and county lists were prepared for use by the Department of Agriculture and Markets in their program with taxation and assessment. Work has begun on the 1984 lists including writing a bulletin on the Agricultural Land Classification System for New York State.

                      Impacts
                      (N/A)

                      Publications